Cancel a Check

Requires the Checks Amendment.

This tutorial shows how to cancel a Check, which removes the Check object from the ledger without sending money.

You may want to cancel an incoming Check if you do not want it. You might cancel an outgoing Check if you made a mistake when sending it or if circumstances have changed. If a Check expires, it's also necessary to cancel it to remove it from the ledger so the sender gets their owner reserve back.

Prerequisites

To cancel a Check with this tutorial, you need the following:

  • You need the ID of a Check object currently in the ledger.
    • For example, this tutorial includes examples that cancel a Check with the ID 49647F0D748DC3FE26BDACBC57F251AADEFFF391403EC9BF87C97F67E9977FB0, although you must use a different ID to go through these steps yourself.
  • The address and secret key of a funded account to send the CheckCancel transaction. This address must be either the sender or the recipient of the Check, unless the Check is expired.
  • A secure way to sign transactions, such as RippleAPI or your own rippled server.
  • A client library that can connect to a rippled server, such as RippleAPI or any HTTP or WebSocket library.

1. Prepare the CheckCancel transaction

Figure out the values of the CheckCancel transaction fields. The following fields are the bare minimum; everything else is either optional or can be auto-filled when signing:

Field Value Description
TransactionType String Use the string CheckCancel when canceling a Check.
Account String (Address) The address of the sender who is canceling the Check. (In other words, your address.)
CheckID String The ID of the Check object in the ledger to cancel. You can get this information by looking up the metadata of the CheckCreate transaction using the tx method or by looking for Checks using the account_objects method.

If you are using RippleAPI, you can use the prepareCheckCancel() helper method.

Note: RippleAPI supports Checks in versions 0.19.0 and up.

Example CheckCancel Preparation

The following examples demonstrate how to cancel a Check.

{
  "TransactionType": "CheckCancel",
  "Account": "rUn84CUYbNjRoTQ6mSW7BVJPSVJNLb1QLo",
  "CheckID": "49647F0D748DC3FE26BDACBC57F251AADEFFF391403EC9BF87C97F67E9977FB0",
  "Fee": "12"
}
'use strict'
const RippleAPI = require('ripple-lib').RippleAPI

// This example connects to a public Test Net server
const api = new RippleAPI({server: 'wss://s.altnet.rippletest.net:51233'})
api.connect().then(() => {
  console.log('Connected')

  const sender = 'rBXsgNkPcDN2runsvWmwxk3Lh97zdgo9za'
  const options = {
    // Allow up to 60 ledger versions (~5 min) instead of the default 3 versions
    // before this transaction fails permanently.
    "maxLedgerVersionOffset": 60
  }
  return api.prepareCheckCancel(sender, {
    "checkID": "2E0AD0740B79BE0AAE5EDD1D5FC79E3C5C221D23C6A7F771D85569B5B91195C2"
  }, options)

}).then(prepared => {
  console.log("txJSON:", prepared.txJSON);

// Disconnect and return
}).then(() => {
  api.disconnect().then(() => {
    console.log('Disconnected')
    process.exit()
  })
}).catch(console.error)


// Example output:
//
// Connected
// txJSON: {"Account":"rBXsgNkPcDN2runsvWmwxk3Lh97zdgo9za",
//   "TransactionType":"CheckCancel",
//   "CheckID":"2E0AD0740B79BE0AAE5EDD1D5FC79E3C5C221D23C6A7F771D85569B5B91195C2",
//   "Flags":2147483648,
//   "LastLedgerSequence":8004884,
//   "Fee":"12",
//   "Sequence":7}
// Disconnected

2. Sign the CheckCancel transaction

The most secure way to sign a transaction is to do it locally with a signing library, such as RippleAPI. Alternatively, you can sign the transaction using the sign method command, but this must be done through a trusted and encrypted connection, or through a local connection, and only to a server you control.

In all cases, note the signed transaction's identifying hash for later.

Example Request

'use strict'
const RippleAPI = require('ripple-lib').RippleAPI

// Can sign offline if the txJSON has all required fields
const api = new RippleAPI()

const txJSON = '{"Account":"rBXsgNkPcDN2runsvWmwxk3Lh97zdgo9za","TransactionType":"CheckCancel","CheckID":"2E0AD0740B79BE0AAE5EDD1D5FC79E3C5C221D23C6A7F771D85569B5B91195C2","Flags":2147483648,"LastLedgerSequence":8004884,"Fee":"12","Sequence":7}'

// Be careful where you store your real secret.
const secret = 's████████████████████████████'

const signed = api.sign(txJSON, secret)

console.log("tx_blob is:", signed.signedTransaction)
console.log("tx hash is:", signed.id)
rippled sign s████████████████████████████ '{
  "TransactionType": "CheckCancel",
  "Account": "rUn84CUYbNjRoTQ6mSW7BVJPSVJNLb1QLo",
  "CheckID": "49647F0D748DC3FE26BDACBC57F251AADEFFF391403EC9BF87C97F67E9977FB0",
  "Fee": "12"
}'

Example Response

tx_blob is: 12001222800000002400000007201B007A251450182E0AD0740B79BE0AAE5EDD1D5FC79E3C5C221D23C6A7F771D85569B5B91195C268400000000000000C732103B6FCD7FAC4F665FE92415DD6E8450AD90F7D6B3D45A6CFCF2E359045FF4BB4007446304402205D77451B0D7BCDA1FE5B98763C5B3B2837453371FE93C2B86157C44B1867AE36022003800273848BC2F8E1C6EC7EE4B0CB2425A888AE80E586886C306C796B25678B8114735FF88E5269C80CD7F7AF10530DAB840BBF6FDF
tx hash is: 54A7A917BE9AC13962251BCF1D09803C7BBE75882B8BFC987B5933A566A48215
Loading: "/home/mduo13/.config/ripple/rippled.cfg"
2018-Jan-24 01:11:07 HTTPClient:NFO Connecting to 127.0.0.1:5005

{
   "result" : {
      "status" : "success",
      "tx_blob" : "12001222800000002400000003501849647F0D748DC3FE26BDACBC57F251AADEFFF391403EC9BF87C97F67E9977FB068400000000000000C7321022C53CD19049F32F31848DD3B3BE5CEF6A2DD1EFDA7971AB3FA49B1BAF12AEF78744630440220615F9D19FA182F08530CD978A4C216C8676D0BA9EDB53A620AC909AA0EF0FE7E02203A09CC34C3DB85CCCB3137E78081F8F2B441FB0A3B9E40901F312D3CBA0A67A181147990EC5D1D8DF69E070A968D4B186986FDF06ED0",
      "tx_json" : {
         "Account" : "rUn84CUYbNjRoTQ6mSW7BVJPSVJNLb1QLo",
         "CheckID" : "49647F0D748DC3FE26BDACBC57F251AADEFFF391403EC9BF87C97F67E9977FB0",
         "Fee" : "12",
         "Flags" : 2147483648,
         "Sequence" : 3,
         "SigningPubKey" : "022C53CD19049F32F31848DD3B3BE5CEF6A2DD1EFDA7971AB3FA49B1BAF12AEF78",
         "TransactionType" : "CheckCancel",
         "TxnSignature" : "30440220615F9D19FA182F08530CD978A4C216C8676D0BA9EDB53A620AC909AA0EF0FE7E02203A09CC34C3DB85CCCB3137E78081F8F2B441FB0A3B9E40901F312D3CBA0A67A1",
         "hash" : "414558223CA8595916BB1FEF238B3BB601B7C0E52659292251CE613E6B4370F9"
      }
   }
}

3. Submit the signed CheckCancel transaction

Take the signed transaction blob from the previous step and submit it to a rippled server. You can do this safely even if you do not operate the rippled server. The response contains a provisional result, which should be tesSUCCESS, but this result is usually not final. A provisional response of terQUEUED is also OK, since queued transactions are generally included in the next open ledger version (usually about 10 seconds after submission).

Tip: If the preliminary result is tefMAX_LEDGER, the transaction has failed permanently because its LastLedgerSequence parameter is lower than the current ledger. This happens when you take longer than the expected number of ledger versions between preparing and submitting the transaction. If this occurs, start over from step 1 with a higher LastLedgerSequence value.

Example Request

'use strict'
const RippleAPI = require('ripple-lib').RippleAPI

// This example connects to a public Test Net server
const api = new RippleAPI({server: 'wss://s.altnet.rippletest.net:51233'})
api.connect().then(() => {
  console.log('Connected')

  const tx_blob = "12001222800000002400000007201B007A251450182E0AD0740B79BE0AAE5EDD1D5FC79E3C5C221D23C6A7F771D85569B5B91195C268400000000000000C732103B6FCD7FAC4F665FE92415DD6E8450AD90F7D6B3D45A6CFCF2E359045FF4BB4007446304402205D77451B0D7BCDA1FE5B98763C5B3B2837453371FE93C2B86157C44B1867AE36022003800273848BC2F8E1C6EC7EE4B0CB2425A888AE80E586886C306C796B25678B8114735FF88E5269C80CD7F7AF10530DAB840BBF6FDF"

  return api.submit(tx_blob)
}).then(response => {
  console.log("Preliminary transaction result:", response.resultCode)

// Disconnect and return
}).then(() => {
  api.disconnect().then(() => {
    console.log('Disconnected')
    process.exit()
  })
}).catch(console.error)
rippled submit 12001222800000002400000003501849647F0D748DC3FE26BDACBC57F251AADEFFF391403EC9BF87C97F67E9977FB068400000000000000C7321022C53CD19049F32F31848DD3B3BE5CEF6A2DD1EFDA7971AB3FA49B1BAF12AEF78744630440220615F9D19FA182F08530CD978A4C216C8676D0BA9EDB53A620AC909AA0EF0FE7E02203A09CC34C3DB85CCCB3137E78081F8F2B441FB0A3B9E40901F312D3CBA0A67A181147990EC5D1D8DF69E070A968D4B186986FDF06ED0

Example Response

Connected
Preliminary transaction result: tesSUCCESS
Disconnected
Loading: "/home/mduo13/.config/ripple/rippled.cfg"
2018-Jan-24 01:11:07 HTTPClient:NFO Connecting to 127.0.0.1:5005

{
  "result" : {
    "engine_result" : "tesSUCCESS",
    "engine_result_code" : 0,
    "engine_result_message" : "The transaction was applied. Only final in a validated ledger.",
    "status" : "success",
    "tx_blob" : "12001222800000002400000003501849647F0D748DC3FE26BDACBC57F251AADEFFF391403EC9BF87C97F67E9977FB068400000000000000C7321022C53CD19049F32F31848DD3B3BE5CEF6A2DD1EFDA7971AB3FA49B1BAF12AEF78744630440220615F9D19FA182F08530CD978A4C216C8676D0BA9EDB53A620AC909AA0EF0FE7E02203A09CC34C3DB85CCCB3137E78081F8F2B441FB0A3B9E40901F312D3CBA0A67A181147990EC5D1D8DF69E070A968D4B186986FDF06ED0",
    "tx_json" : {
      "Account" : "rUn84CUYbNjRoTQ6mSW7BVJPSVJNLb1QLo",
      "CheckID" : "49647F0D748DC3FE26BDACBC57F251AADEFFF391403EC9BF87C97F67E9977FB0",
      "Fee" : "12",
      "Flags" : 2147483648,
      "Sequence" : 3,
      "SigningPubKey" : "022C53CD19049F32F31848DD3B3BE5CEF6A2DD1EFDA7971AB3FA49B1BAF12AEF78",
      "TransactionType" : "CheckCancel",
      "TxnSignature" : "30440220615F9D19FA182F08530CD978A4C216C8676D0BA9EDB53A620AC909AA0EF0FE7E02203A09CC34C3DB85CCCB3137E78081F8F2B441FB0A3B9E40901F312D3CBA0A67A1",
      "hash" : "414558223CA8595916BB1FEF238B3BB601B7C0E52659292251CE613E6B4370F9"
    }
  }
}

4. Wait for validation

On the live network or the Ripple Test Net, you can wait 4-7 seconds for the ledger to close automatically.

If you're running rippled in stand-alone mode, use the ledger_accept method to manually close the ledger.

5. Confirm final result

Use the tx method with the CheckCancel transaction's identifying hash to check its status. Look for a "TransactionResult": "tesSUCCESS" field in the transaction's metadata, indicating that the transaction succeeded, and the field "validated": true in the result, indicating that this result is final.

Look for a DeletedNode object in the transaction metadata with "LedgerEntryType": "Check" to indicate that the transaction removed a Check ledger object. The LedgerIndex of this object should match the ID of the Check.

Example Request

'use strict'
const RippleAPI = require('ripple-lib').RippleAPI

// This example connects to a public Test Net server
const api = new RippleAPI({server: 'wss://s.altnet.rippletest.net:51233'})
api.connect().then(() => {
  console.log('Connected')

  const tx_hash = "54A7A917BE9AC13962251BCF1D09803C7BBE75882B8BFC987B5933A566A48215"

  return api.getTransaction(tx_hash)
}).then(response => {
  console.log("Final transaction result:", response)

// Disconnect and return
}).then(() => {
  api.disconnect().then(() => {
    console.log('Disconnected')
    process.exit()
  })
}).catch(console.error)
rippled tx 414558223CA8595916BB1FEF238B3BB601B7C0E52659292251CE613E6B4370F9

Example Response

Connected
Final transaction result: { type: 'checkCancel',
  address: 'rBXsgNkPcDN2runsvWmwxk3Lh97zdgo9za',
  sequence: 7,
  id: '54A7A917BE9AC13962251BCF1D09803C7BBE75882B8BFC987B5933A566A48215',
  specification:
   { checkID: '2E0AD0740B79BE0AAE5EDD1D5FC79E3C5C221D23C6A7F771D85569B5B91195C2' },
  outcome:
   { result: 'tesSUCCESS',
     timestamp: '2018-04-02T23:42:22.000Z',
     fee: '0.000012',
     balanceChanges: { rBXsgNkPcDN2runsvWmwxk3Lh97zdgo9za: [Array] },
     orderbookChanges: {},
     ledgerVersion: 8004870,
     indexInLedger: 3 } }
Disconnected
Loading: "/home/mduo13/.config/ripple/rippled.cfg"
2018-Jan-24 01:11:53 HTTPClient:NFO Connecting to 127.0.0.1:5005

{
   "result" : {
      "Account" : "rUn84CUYbNjRoTQ6mSW7BVJPSVJNLb1QLo",
      "CheckID" : "49647F0D748DC3FE26BDACBC57F251AADEFFF391403EC9BF87C97F67E9977FB0",
      "Fee" : "12",
      "Flags" : 2147483648,
      "Sequence" : 3,
      "SigningPubKey" : "022C53CD19049F32F31848DD3B3BE5CEF6A2DD1EFDA7971AB3FA49B1BAF12AEF78",
      "TransactionType" : "CheckCancel",
      "TxnSignature" : "30440220615F9D19FA182F08530CD978A4C216C8676D0BA9EDB53A620AC909AA0EF0FE7E02203A09CC34C3DB85CCCB3137E78081F8F2B441FB0A3B9E40901F312D3CBA0A67A1",
      "date" : 570071520,
      "hash" : "414558223CA8595916BB1FEF238B3BB601B7C0E52659292251CE613E6B4370F9",
      "inLedger" : 7,
      "ledger_index" : 7,
      "meta" : {
         "AffectedNodes" : [
            {
               "ModifiedNode" : {
                  "FinalFields" : {
                     "Flags" : 0,
                     "Owner" : "rfkE1aSy9G8Upk4JssnwBxhEv5p4mn2KTy",
                     "RootIndex" : "032D861D151E38E86F46805ED1896D1A50144F65459717B6D12470A9E6E3B66E"
                  },
                  "LedgerEntryType" : "DirectoryNode",
                  "LedgerIndex" : "032D861D151E38E86F46805ED1896D1A50144F65459717B6D12470A9E6E3B66E"
               }
            },
            {
               "DeletedNode" : {
                  "FinalFields" : {
                     "Account" : "rUn84CUYbNjRoTQ6mSW7BVJPSVJNLb1QLo",
                     "Destination" : "rfkE1aSy9G8Upk4JssnwBxhEv5p4mn2KTy",
                     "DestinationNode" : "0000000000000000",
                     "DestinationTag" : 1,
                     "Expiration" : 570113521,
                     "Flags" : 0,
                     "InvoiceID" : "46060241FABCF692D4D934BA2A6C4427CD4279083E38C77CBE642243E43BE291",
                     "OwnerNode" : "0000000000000000",
                     "PreviousTxnID" : "5463C6E08862A1FAE5EDAC12D70ADB16546A1F674930521295BC082494B62924",
                     "PreviousTxnLgrSeq" : 6,
                     "SendMax" : "100000000",
                     "Sequence" : 2
                  },
                  "LedgerEntryType" : "Check",
                  "LedgerIndex" : "49647F0D748DC3FE26BDACBC57F251AADEFFF391403EC9BF87C97F67E9977FB0"
               }
            },
            {
               "ModifiedNode" : {
                  "FinalFields" : {
                     "Flags" : 0,
                     "Owner" : "rUn84CUYbNjRoTQ6mSW7BVJPSVJNLb1QLo",
                     "RootIndex" : "AD136EC2A266027D8F202C97D294BBE32F6FC2AD5501D9853F785FE77AB94C94"
                  },
                  "LedgerEntryType" : "DirectoryNode",
                  "LedgerIndex" : "AD136EC2A266027D8F202C97D294BBE32F6FC2AD5501D9853F785FE77AB94C94"
               }
            },
            {
               "ModifiedNode" : {
                  "FinalFields" : {
                     "Account" : "rUn84CUYbNjRoTQ6mSW7BVJPSVJNLb1QLo",
                     "Balance" : "4999999999964",
                     "Flags" : 0,
                     "OwnerCount" : 1,
                     "Sequence" : 4
                  },
                  "LedgerEntryType" : "AccountRoot",
                  "LedgerIndex" : "D3A1DBAA28717975A9119EC4CBC891BA9A66236C484F03C9911F463AD3B66DE0",
                  "PreviousFields" : {
                     "Balance" : "4999999999976",
                     "OwnerCount" : 2,
                     "Sequence" : 3
                  },
                  "PreviousTxnID" : "5463C6E08862A1FAE5EDAC12D70ADB16546A1F674930521295BC082494B62924",
                  "PreviousTxnLgrSeq" : 6
               }
            }
         ],
         "TransactionIndex" : 0,
         "TransactionResult" : "tesSUCCESS"
      },
      "status" : "success",
      "validated" : true
   }
}